Julia

Julia is an American sitcom notable for being one of the first weekly series to depict an African American woman in a non-stereotypical role.  Previous television series featured African American lead characters, but the characters were usually servants.  The show stars actress and singer Diahann Carroll, and ran for 86 episodes on NBC from September 17th, 1968 to March 23rd, 1971.

The series was produced by Savannah Productions, Inc., Hanncar Productions, Inc., and 20th Century-Fox Television.  During pre-production, the proposed series title was Mama’s Man.  The series was also unique in that it was among the few situation comedies in the late 1960s that did not use a laugh track; however, 20th Century-Fox Television added them when the series was reissued for syndication.
In Julia, Carroll played widowed single mother Julia Baker (her husband, Army Capt. Baker, an O-1 Bird Dog artillery spotter pilot had been shot down in Vietnam) who was a nurse in a doctor’s office. The doctor, Morton Chegley, was played by Lloyd Nolan, and Julia’s romantic interests by Paul Winfield and Fred Williamson.  Julia’s son, Corey (Marc Copage) was approximately six to nine years old during the series run.  He had barely known his father before he died.  Corey’s best friend is Earl J. Waggedorn (called by that precise full name each and every time).  The Waggedorns lived downstairs in the same apartment building, with Len (Hank Brandt), Marie (Betty Beaird), son Earl J. Waggedorn (Michael Link) and infant son.
The first two seasons included Nurse Hannah Yarby (Lurene Tuttle), who left to be married at the beginning of the third season, just as the clinic’s manager, Brockmeyer, ordered downsizing — and removal of minorities from employment.  Chegley let Yarby go, but kept Julia in defiance of the manager’s edict.  The second and third season included Richard (Richard Steele) as a character some one or two years older than Corey.  Chegley’s father, Dr. Norton Chegley (also played by Lloyd Nolan) made two appearances.
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